Palermo, the capital city of Sicily, was founded by the Phoenicians in the eighth century BC. Palermo remained a Phoenician city until the First Punic War, when Sicily fell under Roman rule. Palermo remains a jewel of the Mediterranean, and is Sicily’s largest and most cosmopolitan city. No visit to Sicily is ever complete without a visit to Palermo, a city that permits one not just to know this island but to begin to understand it.
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